Sunday, November 22, 2009

NORMAL VALUES OF THE FOLLOWING SUBSTANCES

II. GIVE THE NORMAL VALUES OF THE FOLLOWING SUBSTANCES:

Most Normal Values are method dependent. Here are normal values adapted for common methods:

1. BILIRUBIN - TB - up to 2 mg/dL
2. GLUCOSE - 60 -110 mg/dL
3. BLOOD URIC ACID - M: 3-7 mg/dL, F: 2-6 mg/dL
4. BLOOD UREA NITROGEN - 9-18 mg/dL
5. TRIGLYCERIDE - less than 2 mmol/L or less than 150 mg/dL
6. CHOLESTEROL - less than 250 mg/dL
7. ALBUMIN - 3.2-5.5 g/L
8. GLOBULIN - less than 2 g/L
9. TOTAL PROTEIN - 5.5 - 8.5 g/L
10. A/G RATIO - 1.5-3:1
11. CREATININE - 0.5 - 1.5 mg/dL
12. FIBRINOGEN - 200-400 mg/dL

As mentioned above, normal values for other tests would vary.


Saturday, November 7, 2009

Answers to Identification

1. The first semi-automated apparatus in clinical chemistry. - autotechnicon
2. The supernatant fluid when clotted blood has been centrifuged.-serum
3. The supernatant fluid when unclotted blood has been centrifuged.-plasma
4. A process wherein a needle is introduced into a vein to obtain blood.-phlebotomy
5. The simplest form of lipid.- fatty acids
6. Major function of the kidneys.- excretion
7. It is the confidence limits in QC.- +- 2 SD
8. The conversion factor for glucose.- 0.0555
9. The normal pH of serum.- 7.35-7.45
10. The good cholesterol.- HDL (High Density Lipoprotein)


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